Unpredictable: plug-and-perf Predictable: cemented casing sleeves
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The most efficient field frac network
starts with predictable frac spacing
and predictable propped volume.
The Multistage Unlimited® frac-isolation system combines single-point
injection with cemented casing sleeves to deliver predictable, verifiable frac
spacing and predictable, verifiable propped volume. Add real-time frac-zone
pressure monitoring, and you have the best method for achieving optimized
frac networks that deliver maximum reservoir stimulation. Learn more at
Consistent frac placement makes optimization possible.
continued from page 19 »
FOCUS ON COMPOSITES
The Russian energy company Gazprom expects to build a pipeline to Turkey and
begin delivering gas by late 2016,
according to a report by Tass, the
Russian news agency.
Construction has yet to begin
on the pipeline. Current plans are
for Gazprom to build the portion
under the Black Sea. A Turkish
partner, Botas Petroleum Pipeline
Corp., will join Gazprom to build
the land-based portion of the line
The pipeline is called the Turk-
ish Stream. According to Tass, it
will comprise four lines capable
of transporting 63 billion cubic
meters of natural gas a year. The
new line will run 660 km along the
old corridor of the now-abandoned
South Stream and 250 km in the
new corridor towards Turkey’s
About 50 billion cubic meters of
the gas will flow to a new gas hub
on the Turkish-Greek border.
The South Stream gas pipeline was to run across Europe to
Tarvisio, Italy. Several European
countries protested Russia’s
involvement in Ukraine. After Bulgaria decided to end construction
in its territory, Russia’s president,
Vladimir Putin, ended the project.
Russia chose to build a pipeline
to Turkey, with a gas hub on the
border with Europe. ME
tion. The new institute will work to develop
lower-cost, higher-speed, and more efficient
manufacturing and recycling processes for
Composites such as carbon fiber combine
light weight and exceptional strength. As a
result they hold out hope for lighter and more
efficient vehicles, turbine blades, and other
applications, especially if research can bring
down the cost of the materials.
The first institute was the National Additive
Manufacturing Innovation Institute, now called
America Makes, which operates in Youngstown,
Ohio. It was announced in August 2012.
The other three are the Next Generation
Power Electronics Manufacturing Innovation
Institute at North Carolina State University,
the Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute in Chicago, and the Lightweight
and Modern Metals Manufacturing Innovation
Institute in Detroit. ME
An Indian biofuels company has been hired to install ethanol and alcohol production facilities at a sugar mill near Lake Victoria in East Africa.
Praj Industries of Pune, India, has signed an engineering, procurement, and construction contract with Kakira
Sugars, based in Jinja, Uganda. The contract calls for Praj
to build a plant that will produce 60,000 liters per day of
fuel ethanol and beverage alcohol. The plant will process
cane molasses from the Kakira Sugar Mill.
Kakira Sugars, part of the Madhvani Group, is a leading sugar and power producer in Uganda. According to
Kakira’s website, it operates a power plant producing at a
rate of 22 megawatts of electricity. The company says the
power plant supplies 12 MW to Uganda’s national grid.
Praj will provide key technologies for fermentation, distillation, and wastewater treatment including biometha-nation followed by biocomposting.
The steam required and 50 to 60 percent of the electricity consumed by the plant will be generated by the
distillery itself. Effluent generated by the plant will be
converted into biocompost for renewing soil fertility.
Praj recently commissioned a plant in Makeni, Sierra
Leone, to produce fuel grade ethanol from cane sugar.
The plant, owned by Addax Bioenergy SL, can produce
more than 80,000 cubic meters of ethanol.
Besides producing ethanol, the site has facilities to
generate enough electricity to power the plant. ME
SUGAR TO FUEL IN AFRICA
TO TURKEY IN 2016